DYNAMIX aimed to identify dynamic and robust policy mixes that can support absolute decoupling of the EU's resource use and associated environmental impacts from economic activities. To do so, the project team tackled four main sets of questions:

  1. Where do inefficiencies in resource use and resource policies currently occur? What are the underlying drivers? Are there any examples of policy mixes successfully tackling these inefficiencies?

    Related research results are available under the following links:
    Tan, A. R., Dekhtyar, P., Sarteel, M., Kong, M. A., Faninger, T., Lockwood, S., Mudgal, S., Hirschnitz-Garbers, M., Gradmann, A., Srebotnjak, T., Palm, D., Adolfsson, I., Fråne, A., Dahlgren, L., Ljungkvist, H., Salmons, R. (2013): The underlying reasons for resource (in)efficiencies? - Deliverable D.2.2., Paris: BIO Intelligence Service.

    Mazza, L., Fedrigo-Fazio, D., Withana, S. and Lopes, A.F. (2013). Evaluating existing policy mixes to identify solutions for EU resource efficiency. Summary report of 15 real world policy mix evaluations. DYNAMIX Deliverable D3.1, Brussels: IEEP

    Fedrigo-Fazio, D., Mazza, L., ten Brink, P., Watkins, E. (2014): Comparative analysis of policy mixes addressing natural resources. Learning from real world experiences - DYNAMIX Delivrable 3.2, London/Brussels: Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP).

  2. How do underlying paradigms affect resource use? How can new paradigms (e.g. cradle to cradle or product to services) be translated into concrete policy making?
  3. What could be three to five most promising policy mixes for achieving absolute decoupling? What potential impacts can we see as a result of state-of-the-art environmental and economic modelling and qualitative analysis, including an analysis of factors influencing human behaviour?

    Related research results are available under the following links:
    Vanner, R., Bicket, M. (2013): The use of paradigms in DYNAMIX, Deliverable 1.1

    Ekvall, T., Elander, M., Umpfenbach, K., Hirschnitz-Garbers, M., Hudson, C., Wunder, S., Nesbit, M., Keenleyside, C., Mazza, L., Russi, D., Tucker, G., Underwood, E., Withana, S., Bicket, M., Vanner, R., Kong, M.A., Tan, A., Bigano, A., Eboli, F., Gaska, J., Śniegocki, A. (2016): Development of DYNAMIX Policy Mixes – Deliverable D4.2, revised version. Gothenburg, Sweden: IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

    Nesbit M, Bigano A, Ekval E, Hirschnitz-Garbers M, Lucha C, Śniegocki A, Vanner R, Zotti J (2015). Qualitative assessment of the DYNAMIX policy mixes. DYNAMIX project deliverable D5.5. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy.

    Nesbit M, Watkins E, Harris S (2015). Environmental assessment of DYNAMIX policy mixes. DYNAMIX project deliverable D5.1. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy.

    Bigano A., Zotti, J., Bukowski, M. and Śniegocki, A. (2015). Qualitative assessment of economic impacts. DYNAMIX project deliverable D 5.2. Milan/Venice: FEEM

    Bukowski, M., Śniegocki, A., Gąska, J., Trzeciakowski, R., and Pongiglione, F. (2015). Report on qualitative assessment of social impacts. DYNAMIX project deliverable D 5.3. Warsaw, Poland: WISE Institute.

    Lucha, C., Roberts, E. (2015). Legal assessment of DYNAMIX policy mixes, DYNAMIX project deliverable 5.4.1. Report on governance assessment: Legal assessment; Berlin, Germany: Ecologic Institute

    Vanner, R, Bicket, M, Elliott, B, Harvey, C (2015). Public acceptability of DYNAMIX policy mixes. DYNAMIX project deliverable D5.4.2. Report on governance assessment: public acceptability; London: PSI.

    Ekvall, T., Martin, M., Palm, D., Danielsson, L., Fråne, A., Laurenti, R. Oliveira, F. (2016). Physical and Environmental Assessment. DYNAMIX Deliverable D6.1. Gothenburg, Sweden: IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

    Bosello, F., Antosiewicz, M., Bukowski, M., Eboli, F., Gaska, J., Śniegocki, A., Witajewski-Baltvilks, J., Zotti, J. (2016). Report on Economic Quantitative Ex-Ante Assessment of Proposed Policy Mixes in the EU. DYNAMIX project deliverable D6.2. Milano: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

  4. How can we initiate mutual and lasting learning processes with policy-makers, practitioners and other experts to improve our work toward a resource-efficient EU?

The project generated policy recommendations to provide EU and national policy-makers with support towards implementing powerful resource efficiency policies. The work of DYNAMIX hopes to support efforts to implement the European Resource Efficiency Flagship Initiative and its Roadmap at the EU- and Member State-level and support the work of the European Resource Efficiency Platform.

The project delivered policy syntheses and recommendations in relation to


Selected research results have been published in peer-reviewed scientific journals:

1) Hirschnitz-Garbers, Martin; Adrian Tan; Albrecht Gradmann and Tanja Srebotnjak 2015: “Key drivers for unsustainable resource use – categories, effects and policy pointers”. Journal of Cleaner Production.

2) In response to the call for papers for the DYNAMIX special issue on "Policy mixes for resource efficiency - conceptual issues, design and assessment challenges", which was closed in January 2016, the first batch of papers is now published and can be accessed here (open access):


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